TODAY'S TOP STORY: It's all been about direct deals at Pandora over the last couple of years, and now it has the complete set. Well, almost. Not quite. But nearly. Who is this "Warner Music" anyway? Pandora originally utilised the collective licensing system in order to license its personalised radio service in the US. A compulsory licence applies on the recordings side, administered... [READ MORE]
TODAY'S APPROVED: Following on from a considerable number of single and EP releases, Dany Rodriguez steps forth with this debut album 'Galaxies Compared' this week. As well as running his two labels Recode and RMR (the latter of which is releasing the album), he's been busy on the remix front lately, but has nevertheless clearly set aside plenty of time in the studio for this... [READ MORE]
CMU PODCAST: CMU's Andy Malt and Chris Cooke review key events in music and the music business from this summer, including the closure of Fabric, the launch of the FanFair campaign against secondary ticketing, and Frank Ocean's two new albums and how they contributed to the debate over streaming exclusives. The CMU Podcast is sponsored by 7digital... [READ MORE]
CMU TRENDS: Based on the keynote he delivered for Music Estonia last week, CMU Business Editor Chris Cooke considers the state of the music industry in 2016, and where the opportunities lie in the near future. As the streaming sector rapidly evolves, where next for recorded music, artist deals and direct-to-fan? CMU Trends articles are available to premium subscribers... [READ MORE]
TOP STORIES Pandora confirms direct deals with Sony and Universal, but not Warner
LEGAL Songwriter group sues US Department Of Justice over consent decree ruling
LIVE BUSINESS FanFair and MMF launch guide to combatting ticket touts
Pacha reportedly up for sale
DIGITAL & D2F SERVICES Tidal losses doubled last year
ARTIST NEWS Sleaford Mods frontman suspended by Labour party
Zayn Malik to publish autobiography
RELEASES Agnes Obel releases video directed by Mew's Jonas Bjerre
ONE LINERS Travis Scott, School Of Seven Bells, Adam Betts, more
AND FINALLY... McBusted is dead, long live McFly
Click JUMP to skip direct to a section of this email or ONLINE to read and share stories on the CMU website (JUMP option may not work in all email readers). For regular updates from Team CMU follow us on Twitter, Facebook or Tumblr.
Nottingham Trent Students’ Union is recruiting for an enthusiastic individual to join its entertainments team. The Union operates across three campuses running a busy schedule of activity in its diverse venues. The Entertainments Supervisor will play a key supporting role in the programming and delivery of a wide range of entertainment.

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Name PR is looking to hire an Account Executive. This is a fantastic opportunity for a bright individual with exceptional writing ability and a good grasp of the music business to work on some of the UK and Europe’s most interesting music issues.

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We are looking for a creative and motivated Marketing Assistant to join our friendly team, which organises events across the country including Wales’ largest music, arts and science festival, Green Man.

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We’re Youth Music. We’re a national charity investing in music-making projects for children and young people facing challenging circumstances. The PA/Administrator will be responsible for managing the CEO’s diary, co-ordinating and administrating trustee meetings and ensuring the smooth running of Youth Music’s office on a day-to-day basis.

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Home to Above & Beyond, Dusky, Lane 8 and Yotto (among others), Involved Management is looking for a motivated and proactive management assistant to work across two of our highest profile acts and our broader roster.

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Involved Group is looking for an enthusiastic, highly organised and proactive individual to take on a new, wide-ranging office manager role within our growing operation. The successful candidate will have a can-do attitude, excellent attention to detail and experience implementing and managing office systems.

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Erased Tapes is currently seeking a dedicated and highly creative Marketing & PR Manager to collaborate with both our in-house creative team and external PR partners. Core tasks include overseeing social media management, advising on overall business and product marketing strategies, special event planning, brand partnerships, and fostering relationships with online and print press partners.

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Ninja Tune requires a Social Media Assistant to work on the planning and execution of of compelling content across the label's social channels, working closely with the Social Media Manager and Digital team.

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Resident Advisor is seeking a digital media expert to manage our social media strategy. With more than one million fans across all platforms, a huge opportunity exists for an ambitious, quick-thinking person to directly shape the company’s social media agenda.

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Your Army are a developing media company known for promoting the likes of Disclosure, Christine & The Queens, Major Lazer and Duke Dumont, with offices in London and Los Angeles. They are looking for an Artist Manager to join their growing Artist Management Division. The ideal candidate will have at least two years experience of working within a management company, or a proven track record working independently, and have been managing a 'dance' act.

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CMU Jobs is a proven way to recruit the best music business talent for roles across the industry at all levels, from graduate to senior management. To book an ad contact Sam on 020 7099 9060 or email
A guide to upcoming events from and involving CMU, including seminars, masterclasses and conference sessions from CMU Insights and workshops from CMU:DIY, plus other events where CMU journalists are speaking or moderating.
26 Sep 2016 CMU Insights Masterclass: Music Business Explained – For Start Ups & Brands
27 Sep 2016 CMU Insights @ Music 4.5: The Politics Of Licensing
Oct/Nov 2016 CMU Insights Seminars Programme: How The Music Business Works
3 Oct 2016 CMU Insights Seminar: Making Money From Music
10 Oct 2016 CMU Insights Seminar: How Music Rights Work
17 Oct 2016 CMU Insights Seminar: How Music Licensing Works
24 Oct 2016 CMU Insights Masterclass: From Napster To Now – The Battle With Music Piracy
24 Oct 2016 CMU Insights Seminar: The Music Rights Sector
31 Oct 2016 CMU Insights Seminar: Merch, Live & Brands
7 Nov 2016 CMU Insights Seminar: Building A Fanbase - Social Media Tools
14 Nov 2016 CMU Insights Seminar: Building A Fanbase - Music Media
21 Nov 2016 CMU Insights Masterclass: Digital Deals, Dollars And Trends – Explained!
21 Nov 2016 CMU Insights Seminar: Building A Fan Orientated Business

Pandora confirms direct deals with Sony and Universal, but not Warner
It's all been about direct deals at Pandora over the last couple of years, and now it has the complete set. Well, almost. Not quite. But nearly. Who is this "Warner Music" anyway?

Pandora originally utilised the collective licensing system in order to license its personalised radio service in the US. A compulsory licence applies on the recordings side, administered by SoundExchange, while - because it has always been deemed Stateside that personalised radio only exploits the performing rights of the copyright - song licensing could be sorted via the performing rights organisations, principally ASCAP and BMI.

There are pros and cons to this approach of course. It meant Pandora got to market early, in an era when labels and publishers were slow to embrace new business models, and it means royalties are set by the Copyright Royalty Board and the rate courts, which the music industry would argue generally results in lower rates being paid overall. It also means that individual artists can't veto their content from being streamed.

But the collective licensing approach also meant that the music community, few of which had direct relationships with the service, became openly critical of Pandora, especially after it became a public company and invested a lot of time and effort into driving its royalty commitments down via the aforementioned CRB and copyright courts.

Then there is the issue that the compulsory licence on the recordings side only applies to personalised radio and not fully on-demand streaming, and is only available in the US, thus preventing Pandora from diversifying its offer and expanding its market reach. A move into on-demand streaming would also require Pandora to think about the mechanical rights in songs, where no proper collective licensing system exists in the US.

With Pandora increasingly of the opinion that (currently entirely loss-making) ad-funded personalised radio is not a sustainable business on its own - but that things might just be OK if that can be combined with a move into the (currently entirely loss-making) subscription-based on-demand streaming market - it became clear that some direct deals with the record companies and the music publishers were going to be required.

Those deals have slowly been completed in recent years, both with publishers and labels, notably indie-label repping Merlin. But yesterday Pandora announced that it now had direct licensing arrangements in place with both Sony Music and Universal Music too. Plus its new and existing direct deals will allow the company to diversify into other areas of streaming, which will include the firm's long-anticipated launch of a fully on-demand subscription service. Although the deals only relate to the US for now, so don't enable the also long-anticipated global expansion, yet.

"These landmark agreements", which include deals with a stack of indie label distributors in addition to Merlin and the two majors, "create a win-win partnership between Pandora and the music industry" the digital firm said yesterday. They "open up new revenue streams for artists and labels, while paving the way for Pandora to bring new products to market that enable enhanced subscription services, fuel new advertising opportunities and deliver unprecedented flexibility and ease of use to listeners".

Confirming that his company now had direct deals, and therefore working relationships, with most of the record companies and music publishers, Pandora chief Tim Westergren told reporters: "This was a truly collaborative attempt to find a solution that would support artists while profitably growing our respective businesses. And that is exactly what we achieved. Working together, we can reshape the digital music market and grow a great business that provides tremendous value to the music industry for decades to come".

But where exactly is Warner Music? It's thought the mini-major is actually quite close to signing up to a direct deal with Pandora too. The streaming firm's rush to announce without that final deal in place was possibly the result of Amazon's expected imminent announcements around streaming music, Pandora bosses keen to get details of their incoming new products into the headlines first.

Meanwhile, the other interesting question about all this is what happens to performer equitable remuneration? Under the compulsory licence utilised by Pandora, Performer ER applies, which means that artists receive 50% of the money directly, those payments not being subject to recoupment or deductions under any record contract. But in the US, Performer ER only applies when money is collected by SoundExchange.

That said, in the past, when direct deals have been done that circumvent SoundExchange, Performer ER has usually still be paid. Though quite how that will work this time - especially as the labels won't pay ER on the fully on-demand element of Pandora once it goes live - remains to be seen.

Anyway, here are some quotes about how brilliant everything is going to be...

Charles Caldas, CEO of Merlin: "We are very pleased to broaden our relationship with Pandora, and to see additional revenue opportunities being created for our members. Independent music has always been at the heart of Pandora's experience, and we are confident that Pandora's users will appreciate and enjoy the music from Merlin's market-leading member labels and artists as a vital element of the newly enhanced experience".

Doug Morris, CEO of Sony Music: "This partnership should be a very encouraging sign for the entire industry. Pandora is a company founded and run by a musician. We are naturally aligned and look forward to growing the music business together and collaborating to support our artists in the digital era".

Lucian Grainge, CEO of Universal Music: "We are pleased to work with Pandora to enable compelling new products and services for one of the largest music streaming audiences in the world. Working collaboratively, we have created a thoughtful partnership that enables innovation and has the potential to delight music fans and benefit the entire music ecosystem of recording artists, songwriters, labels and publishers".

Songwriter group sues US Department Of Justice over consent decree ruling
While collecting society BMI plans its legal action against the US Department Of Justice's recent decision regarding the consent decrees that regulate the big two performing rights organisations Stateside - so ASCAP as well as BMI itself - an organisation called the Songwriters Of North America has also filed litigation.

As much previously reported, the DoJ recently rejected calls by the US music publishers to reform the consent decrees, but at the same time confirmed what the music industry sees as a radically new interpretation of existing rules, which forces ASCAP and BMI to operate a 100% licensing system.

That means that where a song is co-owned by an ASCAP member and a BMI member, a licensee can make use of that song with either an ASCAP licence or a BMI licence, whereas previously a licence would be required from both. The licensee would then pay one society any royalties that are due, and it would be for the PRO to ensure both rights owners got paid their respective share of that money.

The DoJ's decision on 100% licensing has been widely criticised across the music community, and now three songwriters alongside SONA hope to fight the move in court. Those songwriters include Michelle Lewis, Executive Director of SONA, who has written for Cher, Little Mix and Disney, amongst others. She is supported by Pam Sheyne, who has written for the likes of Christina Aguilera, Jessica Simpson, Seal and Backstreet Boys, and Tom Kelly, whose songwriting credits include works made famous by Madonna, Whitney Houston, Cyndi Lauper and Phil Collins.

According to the New York Times, the SONA lawsuit argues that the DoJ's ruling on 100% licensing was "an illegitimate assertion of agency power in gross violation of plaintiffs' due process rights, copyright interests and freedom of contacts", adding that the decision "needs to be set aside".

The legal filing goes on to argue that enforced 100% licensing will violate the property rights of songwriters by interfering with agreements commonly reached between collaborating writers regarding how their work is subsequently licensed. Those agreements often say that - while in theory 100% licensing is the default system outside of collective licensing under US copyright law - writers agree not to negotiate licensing deals on behalf of their collaborators, meaning that licensees need to agree terms with each co-owner of a song.

The DoJ is yet to comment on the litigation.

FanFair and MMF launch guide to combatting ticket touts
The previously reported anti-ticket-touting FanFair Alliance and the Music Managers Forum have launched a new guide for artist managers to combat secondary ticketing. Titled '#ToutsOut', the report provides tips and case studies on ensuring that fans are able to purchase tickets for gigs from primary sources or at face value on the resale market.

Speaking at the launch of the report, Mumford & Sons manager and FanFair co-founder Adam Tudhope said: "When we launched FanFair in July of this year, we encouraged managers, agents, promoters and others in the live music business to continue to innovate to ensure our artists' tickets reach their intended audience at the right price. We all know that this is a huge challenge. We are operating within a dysfunctional market, where the abuse of unregulated ticket resale websites is out of control".

"However", he continued, "while we wait for government to act, it is essential that managers and music businesses develop ticketing strategies that aim to disrupt the touts and help fans. This guide marks a first step towards that goal".

Among the tips for artists and managers seeking to reduce the number of tickets snapped up by the touts are: printing names on tickets and making buyers aware of restrictions on reselling tickets in advance of their purchase; working with ticketing services that actively work against touts; and simply making sure all promoters, agents and primary ticketing services involved in a show or tour are aware that you want to keep tickets off the secondary market.

With regard to working with anti-touting ticket agents, it was also announced that a number of ticketing platforms have now signed the FanFair Declaration to take a stand against industrial scale touting. Joining the numerous artists and industry bodies that have already signed up are Active Ticketing, Dice, Music Glue, Pledge Music, Scarlet Mist, Songkick, Twickets and WeGotTickets.

On this, ATC Management's Brian Message said: "In direct contrast to the backward-looking and parasitical secondary resale websites, it is exciting that the UK has produced such a vibrant, entrepreneurial and competitive market of next-generation ticketing and D2C businesses. Music managers have been working with the majority of these services for a number of years. As well as sharing FanFair's repugnance of mass online ticket touting, all are committed to ensuring the live music sector operates more fairly for artists and for fans. We are delighted to have them under the FanFair umbrella".

Also lending his support to the FanFair Alliance's ongoing campaign yesterday was Nigel Adams MP, who is Chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group For Music. He said in a statement: "It is of paramount importance that we protect performer's rights to set the prices for their own tickets and make certain that we put fans first. While genuine fans must be enabled to resell tickets they can't use to recoup their outlay, no artist wants to perform to empty seats because touts snapped up tickets and jacked up prices. It erodes the relationship between artists and fans when an artist tries to set accessible prices, rather than milking every possible penny, and then touts ruin this".

Read Adams' full statement here, and download the '#ToutsOut' guide here.


Pacha reportedly up for sale
Iconic club brand Pacha is reportedly up for sale, founder Ricardo Urgell having seemingly grown frustrated with the increased dominance of Spanish politician Abel Matutes and his family over the nightlife scene in the company's core market of Ibiza. Urgell also apparently disagrees with the Matutes family's vision of Ibiza becoming a more elite destination. The price tag for all things Pacha? Just 500 million euros. Line up, all you elites.

"It's very simple. Ricardo Urgell can't stomach the Matutes family", an unnamed source tells Cronica Global. "Pacha does not share their new concept of a high-level economic Ibiza driven by Abel Matutes. [Urgell] cannot continue [like this], and his children do not want to take over. Therefore he is seeking an investor".

The Matutes are involved in the Ushuaia club and hotel, among others, and recently announced that they will take over Space from the end of this season.

In a statement, Pacha Group said: "Pacha Group regularly receives many offers from potential investors and their team of professionals analyses and evaluates each closely. In the event of a financial operation with enough informative relevance, Pacha Group will notify promptly that information to the media according with their transparency principle and the good governance management which governs in this company".

Tidal losses doubled last year
Tidal may be one of the smaller streaming services, but it's great to know it can haemorrhage cash just as well as the big boys. A legal filing by the service's holding company, Aspiro AB, shows that the streaming firm doubled its losses last year following Jay-Z's much hyped acquisition of the business, while revenues went up just 30%.

According to the Wall Street Journal, Tidal lost $28 million last year, compared to $10.4 million in 2014, while revenues rose from $36.2 million to $47 million. As with all streaming services, a big part of the company's expenditure - and therefore losses - was the royalties paid to the music industry which, although in theory on a revenue share arrangement, also demands minimum guarantees based on consumption.

One source told the Journal that the Aspiro AB company filing in Sweden doesn't include all of Tidal's US-based revenue and financing, though it's not clear whether those figures would improve the overall picture or not.

Meanwhile Norwegian business newspaper Dagens Naeringsliv has reported that, having analysed Aspiro AB's accounts, it reckons the streaming firm had, as of Monday, $438,000 in unpaid bills and overdue payments to about hundred creditors.

Good times. Though you know what they say, an Apple a day keeps the bailiff a way. They say that, right?

  Approved: Dany Rodriguez
Following on from a considerable number of single and EP releases, Dany Rodriguez steps forth with this debut album 'Galaxies Compared' this week.

As well as running his two labels Recode and RMR (the latter of which is releasing the album), he's been busy on the remix front lately, but has nevertheless clearly set aside plenty of time in the studio for this production too.

A truly stand-out debut techno album has always been tricky to deliver, but working with luminaries such as The Advent, Mark Broom and Joey Beltram has helped Rodriguez develop a solid sound.

Shades of Autechre, Jeff Mills and Plaid can all be found, and check the nods to Carl Craig and Reload in the rather subtle ambient track 'November'.

Stay up to date with all of the artists featured in the CMU Approved column in 2016 by subscribing to our Spotify playlist.
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Sleaford Mods frontman suspended by Labour party
The Labour Party continues to show its respect for the democratic process by blocking any members who have ever shown any support for Jeremy Corbyn from voting in its upcoming leadership election. One such person is Sleaford Mods frontman Jason Williamson, who, as with most things, isn't very happy about it.

"Suspended from Labour - funny that", he tweeted. "Happily take my fuckin money for a fuckin year. Fuck politics. Fuck you Labour".

Asked what he had been suspended for, he said that the reason he was given was "online abuse". Though exactly what that entails is unclear.

After it was suggested that he should appeal to Corbyn himself, as a relatively high profile supporter of the Labour leader, Williamson replied: "Lost interest totally. Weak attempts at culling the vote. Disgusting".

Good to see UK politics is still totally fucked. On with your day.


Zayn Malik to publish autobiography
Zayn Malik is writing his autobiography at the tender age of 23. Not that Penguin Random House is saying he'll never achieve anything else worthy of note ever again, but a publication date of 1 Nov has been set.

The book will cover his childhood, his time in One Direction, and his transition to being a solo artist. Because what else is there? Actually, the One Direction stuff will probably be quite interesting, given how much he apparently hated being in the group.

"I'm going to show you as much as I can so that you can judge me on my own terms, not on what the press or anyone else says", Malik said in a statement. So stop listening to me, eh? Though I bet Malik won't tell you about Agnes Obel releasing a video directed by Mew's Jonas Bjerre.

Agnes Obel releases video directed by Mew's Jonas Bjerre
Agnes Obel has released a video for her new single 'Golden Green' directed by Mew frontman Jonas Bjerre.

"I was honoured to take on the task of making a video for this beautiful song", says Bjerre. "The bells that emphasise the rhythm through the song, for some reason they made me think of blinking lights, and glass - glass being a recurring theme in Agnes's new songs".

"As she told me more about the song, I started having ideas for some kind of internal world", he continues. "Maybe a world inside someone's head, where various thoughts and feelings are in opposition, depicted as animated versions of Agnes, struggling to find harmony".

Now watch the video.

Obel's new album 'Citizen Of Glass' will be released on 21 Oct, and she'll be on tour in the UK in November. Here are the dates:

26 Nov: Bristol, Anson Rooms
27 Nov: London, Shepherd's Bush Empire
29 Nov: Birmingham, Town Hall
30 Nov: Manchester, Albert Hall

Travis Scott, School Of Seven Bells, Adam Betts, more

Other notable announcements and developments today...

• Universal Music Publishing and Grand Hustle Publishing have announced a joint deal with Travis Scott to represent his entire songs catalogue, and there's not really anything you can do about that now. "I've been chasing Travis Scott for years", says UMPG boss Jody Gerson.

• School Of Seven Bells have released the video for 'Signals', taken from their final album 'SVIIB'.

• Three Trapped Tigers drummer Adam Betts has released another track from his upcoming solo album, 'Colossal Squid'. This is 'Aneek'.

• Pascal Pinon have released the video for new single 'Orange', which you can watch here.

• Nicolas Jaar will play Heaven in London on 6 Dec. He's just launched new online project The Network, which you can check out here.

• Wooden Shjips will play a brief UK tour next month, finishing with a show at The Scala in London on 30 Oct.

• Vanilla Ice will be in London at Alexandra Palace this December for three nights only, performing his new show 'Vanilla Ice On Ice'. Tickets on sale NOOOOOOOOOOOOW.

McBusted is dead, long live McFly
That whole McBusted thing is definitely over, which will presumably come as a great relief to a lot of McFly fans, given how much they hated the project. Which are all things roughly taken from the mouth of drummer Harry Judd.

"The McBusted thing was a huge success, but it quietly fizzled out", he told Metro. "We're all quite polite and none of us likes confrontation. The last show happened and it was like 'OK, bye!' We knew it, but it was unspoken. We were cool with it. It's been a while since we have just been McFly and a lot of out fans are frustrated. Although McBusted has been a success, a lot of McFly fans were like, 'I hate McBusted!'"

Matt and James from McBusted went back and reunited with Charlie Simpson for a new Busted album, of course. And McFly's Dougie Poynter recently confirmed to The Sun that McFly have plans to record a new album on their own too.

With unions officially out of fashion in modern Britain they should both do fine. Until one goes bankrupt and the other crumbles under the weight of an ongoing refugee crisis. Pop music, hey?

ANDY MALT | Editor
Andy heads up the team, overseeing the CMU bulletins and website, coordinating features and interviews, reporting on artist and business stories, and contributing to the CMU Approved column.
Email (except press releases, see below)
CHRIS COOKE | MD & Business Editor
Chris provides music business coverage and analysis. Chris also leads the CMU Insights training and consultancy business and education programme CMU:DIY, and heads up CMU publisher 3CM UnLimited.
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SAM TAYLOR | Commercial Manager & Insights Associate
Sam oversees the commercial side of the CMU media, leading on sales and sponsorship, and advising on CMU Insights training courses and events.
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CARO MOSES | Co-Publisher
Caro helps oversee the CMU media, while as a Director of 3CM UnLimited she heads up the company's other two titles ThisWeek London and ThreeWeeks Edinburgh, and supports other parts of the business.
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